HOW DOES MVNO/MNO/MVNE WORK?

As we know Mobile Virtual Network Operator(MVNO)is a wireless communications services provider company. It does not have radio frequency resources but sells mobile communication services under its brand name using the network of a licensed mobile operator. It is also known as a virtual network operator (VNO), or mobile another licensed operator (MOLO). An MVNO offers rate plans, issues SIMs, promotes products and it has full control over the SIM card, branding, marketing, billing, and customer care. The OFTEL (Office of Telecommunications), the British regulator was the first to coin the MVNO (Mobile Virtual Network Operator) term, in 1999. And according to 2015 data from GSMA Intelligence, MVNOs are developed mainly in European countries, Asia and North America. As per the reports by Lansdowne Consulting and Informa Telecoms & Media,…
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